Intended Audience

Anesthesiologists, Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists, Registered Nurses

Learning Objectives

Learning objectives will be presented at the beginning of each abstract.

Statement of Need

Anesthesia is an evolving specialty. The development of new anesthetic agents and equipment, the use of drug combinations, and the refinement of anesthetic procedures constantly change. Ongoing research in this area is continuously being made available to anesthesia professionals through articles published throughout the world. Accordingly, anesthesia professionals must relentlessly update their body of knowledge on the latest advances and newest information in the specialty of anesthesiology. By providing quality information in abstract form from a wide variety of worldwide sources, anesthesia professionals can keep current on important developments in the specialty of anesthesia in the minimum amount of time. Participant evaluations clearly indicate that this information is needed and that these abstracts provide this information in a clear and concise format.

Method of Participation

Each module contains 10 peer-reviewed abstracted articles from major medical journals. It is estimated that it will take one hour to complete each module. Participants should read each of the objectives and other introductory CE information and then proceed to the educational offering. To receive credit for this activity, participants must complete the post-test with a passing score of 80%, and then complete the evaluation. CRNAs are not permitted to retest. This credit is valid through December 31, 2019 unless otherwise indicated. No credit will be given after this date. Upon successful completion, your CME/CE certificate will be immediately available to you.

In the event you are having trouble accessing your certificate, please email and a certificate will be emailed within 2 weeks.

System Requirements

  • Computer, smart phone, or mobile device with Internet access
  • Web browser (IE 7.0+ or Webkit/Mozilla compatible) with Javascript enabled


In support of improving patient care, Dannemiller is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.


Dannemiller designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

ABA MOCA PART 2: This activity fulfills the general CME requirement for MOCA 2.0® Part 2 (Lifelong Learning and Self-Assessment).

Dannemiller is proudly registered as an approved CME provider with the American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA).

Registered Nurses

Dannemiller designates this educational activity for 1.0 contact hours.

Nurse Anesthetists

AnesthesiologyOnline is in compliance with the new CPC Program requirements, created by the NBCRNA, and are classified as Class A CE credits. CRNAs may also apply excess Class A assessed CE credits to fulfill the Class B requirements.

Please visit the NBCRNA website for more information regarding the new CPC Program and how it will affect your upcoming recertification.

  • AnesthesiaFile Basic Volume 18 has been prior approved by the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists for 36.0 Class A CE credits; AANA Code Number 1035559; Expiration Date 12/31/2019.
  • AnesthesiologyOnline Volume 17 has been prior approved by the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists for 36.0 Class A CE credits; AANA Code Number 1034118; Expiration Date 12/31/2018.

NOTE: Credit designations for physicians and registered nurses are identified per module whereas AANA guidelines stipulate that AANA credit be identified for the totality of the program.


James B. Eisenkraft, MD
Professor, Department of Anesthesiology
The Mount Sinai Medical Center
New York, New York

Sandra M. Ouelette, CRNA, MEd.
President, R&S Ouellette, Inc.
Winston-Salem, North Carolina


In accordance with the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), Dannemiller requires that any person who is in a position to control the content of a CME activity must disclose all relevant financial relationships they have with a commercial interest. James Eisenkraft, MD, Editor-in-Chief and Sandra Ouelette, Associate Editor, have stated that they have nothing to disclose. Dannemiller staff, Barbra Thompson, Publications Project Manager, has nothing to disclose.

To resolve identified conflicts of interest, the educational content was reviewed by James Eisenkraft, MD, who has nothing to disclose. The resulting certified activity was found to provide educational content that is current, evidence-based and commercially balanced.

Off-Label Statement

This educational activity may contain discussion of published and/or investigational uses of agents that are not indicated by FDA. The opinions expressed in the educational activity are those of the faculty. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for discussion of approved indications, contraindications and warnings. Further participants should appraise the information presented critically and are encouraged to consult appropriate resources for any product or device mentioned in this program.


The content and views presented in this educational activity are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of Dannemiller. This material is prepared based upon a review of multiple sources of information, but it is not exhaustive of the subject matter. Therefore, healthcare professionals and other individuals should review and consider other publications and materials on the subject matter before relying solely upon the information contained within this educational activity.